Exercise equipment, such as treadmills, stationary bikes and exercise wheels, help improve blood pressure, blood sugar levels and cholesterol levels in people who have diabetes, according to a new study.
The findings support previous research linking exercise to improved blood pressure and cholesterol, which are linked to heart disease.
The researchers, led by a professor of medicine at the University of Washington School of Medicine, evaluated more than 9,000 participants and tracked the effects of exercise on heart and diabetes outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes.
They found that exercise reduced the risk of developing type 2 diabetosis, lowered the risk for diabetes complications and lowered the incidence of heart disease and stroke.
The study is published online in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
“These results are very promising, and we think that the evidence is compelling,” said study author and research associate Dr. John A. Koss, M.D., professor of cardiovascular medicine at Seattle Children’s Hospital.
“It’s important to note that these results are for type 2 diabetic people.
The effects are not limited to people with other types of diabetes, which is an important finding because it suggests that the benefits are likely to be even greater in people without diabetes.”
Exercise is one of the best ways to reduce the risk that someone will develop diabetes.
The new findings could help researchers develop new treatments to slow the progression of the disease.
In the past, researchers have focused on exercise alone as a means to reduce risk.
Kross, who has previously studied exercise and cardiovascular disease at UW and the University at Buffalo, and co-authored a paper on exercise’s effect on cardiovascular health, said that research on exercise-induced improvements in heart health is scarce.
“There are no randomized trials in humans that are comparing exercise to no exercise,” he said.
“We know that exercise improves the heart health of people with diabetes, but we have no studies in people, including people with this disease, that look at the effects in people.”
Exercise can be beneficial for people with hypertension and diabetes, as well as in those with coronary artery disease.
Krauss, a professor in the UW Department of Medicine and a member of the UW Sports Medicine Department, and colleagues looked at data from a large, prospective study of more than 14,000 people in the U.S. who were between the ages of 65 and 79 years old and had diabetes or hypertension.
The participants were followed for an average of eight years, and their blood pressure was measured at baseline, two years later, three years after that and five years after.
The team looked at how exercise affected the people’s heart health and their diabetes status over time.
They looked at cardiovascular outcomes and blood glucose levels over time, along with their waist circumference, blood pressure readings and the overall number of heart attacks, strokes and deaths.
“The exercise-related reductions in diabetes risk we saw were statistically significant,” Koss said.
In addition to reducing risk, exercise also reduces the risk associated with cardiovascular disease, including stroke, heart attack and heart failure.
“What this suggests is that the type of exercise that we do can have an impact on heart health, whether we’re doing cardio, walking, biking or other types,” Kross said.
A new approach for diabetes prevention Exercise equipment could help prevent heart disease in people at higher risk of heart attack, stroke or death, according a study by a UW researchers.
In a study of a group of 690 people with Type 2 diabetes, researchers from the University’s Department of Family Medicine found that people with more than 30 minutes of moderate exercise daily lowered their risk of dying from heart disease by nearly 50 percent compared to those who did not exercise.
The research, published in the journal Cardiology, involved examining data from more than 7,000 patients with Type 1 diabetes and more than 4,500 healthy people with no diabetes.
Participants were tracked over time for the duration of the study and their lifestyle was assessed.
“One of the important aspects of our study was to look at exercise-associated changes in people’s health outcomes, which were quite different,” Kannan said.
For example, the researchers found that moderate exercise over a period of eight weeks reduced the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in those participants who had type 2 disease by almost 30 percent.
“I think exercise has a role in diabetes prevention, but it’s not the only way to do it,” Krausk said.
It is important to recognize that exercise does not have to be physical activity, Krausks team said.
People can also reduce the chance of developing diabetes by choosing healthy eating and regular exercise.
For more information about exercise, visit: www.cdc.gov/health/fitness/healthy-eating.
Exercise can also help people with heart disease to stay active and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
“Our research shows that exercise is a critical part of the prevention of heart diseases and is the most effective way to keep diabetes and other chronic conditions under control,” Kailan said